Masonary and Architecture in Kumaon

Masonary and Architecture in Kumaon

Kumaon offers a glimpse of wonderful architecture and unique style of civilization that is visible through the scattered settlements of the higher Himalayas and densely populated agricultural valleys on one side. On the other side it prominently highlights beautiful religious edifices as in temples that are based in Naulas and Bawaris, Dharamshalas and Forts. Houses at Kumaon also reflect glimpse of natural beauty. Residential places here are made of stone walls, slate roofs, mud floors and patangans. The doors, windows and Kholis of houses have intricate figures of Lord Ganesha and other God and Goddesses. The architecture style here focuses on the preservation of fauna species found here. The wood carver or carpenters on an important note craft a closed nestle for birds. Albeit, brick and mortar houses are now becoming prevalent in Kumaon region as more and more stone and marble materials is getting available yet many people prefer using stone, slate and wood for construction of the temples and houses.

The temples in place have been constructed over a period of almost thousand years and follow a local style which is known as “Hiamdri” style of architecture. Some of the preeminent architectural carving done here are clearly visible in Jageshwar, Almora, Katarmal, Baijnath, Dwarahat, Gangolihat, Bhuvaneshwar and Marsoli. These temples experience huge influx of population round the year. The architecture style focused in this temple is called Gupta Architecture.

Along with supreme architecture, Kumaon also unfolds brilliant style of sculpture. One may easily find matchless idols in temples and even outside the temples. The place has unique style of sculpting which is clearly visible in the idols of Jageshwar, Dwarhat, Katarmal, Champawat that truly reflect the Kumaon’s rich tradition of sculpture. The place also has bronze ashtdhatu statues that are hard to find anywhere else. Besides, Ek Hathia and Deval near the Thal and the Ek Hathia Naula near Champawat are the unique forms of lexis that not only narrate the tales attached to their conception but also reflect upon their exclusive architectural designs. There are many statues here that bear influence of Budhhist art. The Kumaon area is also affluent on numismatic and epigraphic expressions.

Victory pillars or Beerkhams are scattered here all over the Kumaon region, additionally there are various forts that are still seen at the Champwat, Karnkarayat, Sira, Gangolihat and Kuti.


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